• Graduated from Damascus University Medical School in 1990.

 

  • Residency in Internal Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas  1991-1994.

 

  • Nephrology Fellowship at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas  1994-1997.

 

  • Training and credentialing in dialysis vascular access interventional procedures in the Methodist Hospital and with RMS-Lifeline 2001-2004.

 

  • Certified by the American Society of Diagnostic and Interventional Nephrology in renal ultransonography and interventional nephrology 2004.

 

  • Certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine in Internal Medicine and Nephrology.

 

  • Revalidation : qualifications and activities were revalidated by the Royal College of Physician of Ireland in 2014: revalidated with distinction.