Diabetes is one of the leading causes of end stage renal disease in the United States. Diabetes can affect multiple body organs including the kidneys. There are several factors that can increase the risk of developing diabetic kidney disease which include poorly-controlled blood sugar, uncontrolled hypertension, smoking, obesity and family history of diabetic kidney disease.
In order to find out if a diabetic patient has kidney disease related to diabetes, physicians will order blood test to see if there is a decrease in the kidney function and a urine test to see if there is protein in the urine.
Prevention of diabetic kidney disease is achieved by a good control of blood sugar and blood pressure and smoking avoidance.
For those with diabetic kidney disease, treatment includes good blood sugar control, good blood pressure control using a certain class of drugs (ACEI or ARB) and smoking avoidance/cessation.
Compliance with medical treatment and doctor follow up are very important to verify good blood sugar and pressure control, assess response to therapy, management of possible drug side effects and in case the kidney function becomes low, to prepare the patients for dialysis and/or kidney transplantation.
The medical information presented in this website is of general nature and intended for educational purposes only. This information should not be used as a basis for making or altering medical decisions or therapies. Medical and therapeutic decisions should be made or altered only by the physician who is evaluating and treating a particular patient. Medicine is an ever-changing and -evolving field. Although, the author of this site has made every effort to present an accurate and up-to-date information, however, he is not responsible by any means for any unintended mistakes or misuse of the information presented.